Designing a green location routing inventory problem considering transportation risks and time window: a case study

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran

2 School of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


This study introduces a green location, routing and inventory problem with customer satisfaction, backup distribution centers and risk of routes in the form of a non-linear mixed integer programming model. In this regard, time window is considered to increase the customer satisfaction of the model and transportation risks is taken into account for the reliability of the system. In addition, different factors are detected as the major factors affecting the risk of routs and a fuzzy TOPSIS method is applied to rank the related risk factors. Next, due to the complexity of the investigated model, two algorithms including multi-objective gray wolf optimization algorithms (MOGWO) and Non-Dominated Sorting Genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) are applied to solve the large-sized instances. The results prove the superiority of MOGWO in dealing with large-sized instances. In the next step, some sensitivity analysis is implemented on the model based on a case study andthe related results of case study are reported as well.  


Main Subjects

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Volume 12, Issue 4 - Serial Number 4
November 2019
Pages 27-56
  • Receive Date: 17 August 2019
  • Revise Date: 10 October 2019
  • Accept Date: 07 November 2019
  • First Publish Date: 07 November 2019