Andrews J.W., Robinson J.E. (2001), Radar-based analysis of the efficiency of runway use; AIAA
Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference; AIAA-2001-4359 (Vol. 3).
 Ballin M.G., Erzberger H. (1996), An analysis of landing rates and separations at the Dallas/Fort Worth
International Airport; NASA Tech-Memo110397.
 Bowker A.H., Lieberman G.J. (1972), Engineering Statistics; 2nd Ed, Prentice-Hall, Inc.
 FAA Order 7110.65 (1993a), Air Traffic Control., Wake Turbulence, Para 2,1,19, , September.
 FAA Order 7110.65 (1993b), Same Runway Separation, September 1993, Wake Turbulence, Para
3,9,6, , September.
 Haynie C.R.(2002), An investigation of capacity and safety in near-terminal airspace for guiding
information technology adoption; Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Systems Engnineering and
Operations Research; George Mason University, Fairfax, VA.
 Hollander M., Wolf D.A. (1999), Nonparametric statistical methods; 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
 Jeddi B., Shortle J., Sherry L. (2006), Statistics of the approach process at Detroit metropolitan Wayne
county airport; Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Research in Air Transportation
(ICRAT), Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro.
 Law A.M. (2000), ExpertFit, Averill M. Law & Associates.
 Levy B., Legge J., Romano M. (2004), Opportunities for improvements in simple models for
estimating runway capacity; 23rd Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Salt Lake City, UT,
 Nolan M.S. (2003), Fundamentals of air traffic control; 4th Ed., Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
 Rakas J., Yin H. (2005), Statistical modeling and analysis of landing time intervals: case study of Los
Angeles International Airport, California, Transportation Research Record; Journal of the
Transportation Research Board 1915; 69-78.
 Ross S.M. (2007), Introduction to probability models; 9thEd., Amsterdam; Boston, Academic Press.
 Shortle J.F., Jeddi B.G. (2007), Using Multilateration Data in Probabilistic Analysis of Wake Vortex
Hazards for Landing Aircraft; Transportation Research Record; DOI: 10.3141/2007-11.
 Vandevenne H.F., Lippert M.A. (2000), Using maximum likelihood estimation to determine statistical
model parameters for landing time separations; 92PM-AATT-006, March.
 Xie Y. (2005), Quantitative analysis of airport runway capacity and arrival safety using stochastic
methods; Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Systems Engineering and Operations Research; George
Mason University, Fairfax, VA.
 AirNav.com; http://airnav.com/airport/KDTW; January 2006.
 FAA, AL119, ILS or LOC RWY 21L; http://18.104.22.168/d-tpp/0910/00119IL21L.PDF; October
 FAA, AL119, Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County (DTW), Airport diagram, 09127;
http://22.214.171.124/d-tpp/0910/00119AD.PDF; October 2009b.