Hybrid modelling for urban water supply system management based on a bi-objective mathematical model and system dynamics: A case study in Guilan province.

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Industrial Engineering, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran


The increase in population, demand growth, limitation of water resources, and huge costs of water supply with the execution of new plans for water resources development have attracted more attention to the management of the existing resources and facilities exploitation. For this purpose, the present study uses optimization methods in urban water supply system programming and introduces state and flow variables to provide the urban water supply model and evaluate the factors affecting the urban water supply cycle in Guilan province using the system dynamics. Finally, a model is presented in line with the management status of the Guilan Water and Wastewater Company in Rasht branch. Evaluating the accuracy and validity of the model presented in the water supply system from different water resources shows that increasing the treatment capacity and water resources in the province can affect the treatment cost and reduce the shortage and wastewater. Regarding the parameters which have a positive effect on the amount of input water, it is required to consider appropriate systems to control the input water and manage such valuable resources. Eventually, forecasting the amount of shortage in the studied area during the next 100 years indicates a linear trend that the number of shortages increases in an upward manner in each period due to the increased population and decreased amount of precipitation.


Main Subjects

Abolghasemian, M., & Darabi, H. (2018). Simulation based optimization of haulage system of an open-pit mine: Meta modeling approach. Organizational resources management researchs, 8(2), 1-17.
Abolghasemian, M., Chobar, A. P., AliBakhshi, M., Fakhr, A., & Moradi, S. (2021). Delay scheduling based on discrete-event simulation for construction projects. Iranian Journal of Operations Research, 12(1), 49-63.‏
Abolghasemian, M., Ghane Kanafi, A., & Daneshmandmehr, M. (2020). A two-phase simulation-based optimization of hauling system in open-pit mine. Iranian journal of management studies, 13(4), 705-732.
Abolghasemian, M., Kanafi, A. G., & Daneshmand-Mehr, M. (2022). Simulation-Based Multiobjective Optimization of Open-Pit Mine Haulage System: A Modified-NBI Method and Meta Modeling Approach. Complexity, 2022.
Asgari, T., Daneshvar, A., Chobar, A. P., Ebrahimi, M., & Abrahamyan, S. (2022). Identifying key success factors for startups With sentiment analysis using text data mining. International Journal of Engineering Business Management, 14, 18479790221131612.
Chobar, A. P., Adibi, M. A., & Kazemi, A. (2022). Multi-objective hub-spoke network design of perishable tourism products using combination machine learning and meta-heuristic algorithms. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-022-02350-2
De Melo, M. C., Formiga-Johnsson, R. M., de Azevedo, J. P. S., de Oliveira Nascimento, N., Machado, F. L. V., Pacheco, F. A. L., & Fernandes, L. F. S. (2021). A raw water security risk model for urban supply based on failure mode analysis. Journal of Hydrology, 593, 125843.
Demirel, D. F., Gönül-Sezer, E. D., & Pehlivan, S. A. (2022). Analyzing the wastewater treatment facility location/network design problem via system dynamics: Antalya, Turkey case. Journal of Environmental Management, 320, 115814.
Deng, L., Guo, S., Yin, J., Zeng, Y., & Chen, K. (2022). Multi-objective optimization of water resources allocation in Han River basin (China) integrating efficiency, equity and sustainability. Scientific Reports, 12(1), 1-21.
Eshghali, M., Kannan, D., Salmanzadeh-Meydani, N., & Esmaieeli Sikaroudi, A. M. (2023). Machine learning based integrated scheduling and rescheduling for elective and emergency patients in the operating theatre. Annals of Operations Research, 1-24.
Golpıra, H., & Tirkolaee, E. B. (2019). Stable maintenance tasks scheduling: A bi-objective ̂ robust optimization model. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 137 106 007.
Guilani, H., Shobeiry, S., Kami, M. B., & Sahebi, H. (2022). A sustainable redesign model for the water/wastewater supply network: A water–energy nexus approach. Kybernetes, (ahead-of-print).
Hosseini, S., Ahmadi Choukolaei, H., Ghasemi, P., Dardaei-beiragh, H., Sherafatianfini, S., & Pourghader Chobar, A. (2022). Evaluating the Performance of Emergency Centers during Coronavirus Epidemic Using Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Methods (Case Study: Sari City). Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society, 2022.
Jahangiri, S., Abolghasemian, M., Ghasemi, P., & Chobar, A. P. (2023). Simulation-based optimisation: analysis of the emergency department resources under COVID-19 conditions. International journal of industrial and systems engineering, 43(1), 1-19.
Nepal, S., & Tran, L. T. (2019). Identifying trade-offs between socio-economic and environmental factors for bioenergy crop production: A case study from northern Kentucky. Renewable Energy, 142, 272–283.
Nezami, N., Zarghami, M., Tizghadam, M., & Abbasi, M. (2022). A novel hybrid systemic modeling into sustainable dynamic urban water metabolism management: Case study. Sustainable Cities and Society, 85, 104065.
Parween, S., & Sinha, R. C. (2023). Identification of Indicators for Developing an Integrated Study on Urban Water Supply System, Planning, and Management. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 149(3), 04022095.
Pirouz, B., & Khorram, E. (2016). A computational approach based on the ε-constraint method in multi-objective optimization problems. Adv. Appl. Stat, 49, 453.
Salahi, F., Daneshvar, A., Homayounfar, M., & Pourghader Chobar, A. (2023). Presenting an Integrated Model for Production Planning and Preventive Maintenance Scheduling Considering Uncertainty of Parameters and Disruption of Facilities. Journal of Industrial Management Perspective, 13(Issue 1, Spring 2023), 105-139. doi: 10.52547/jimp.13.1.105
Shiu, H. Y., Lee, M., Lin, Z. E., & Chiueh, P. T. (2023). Dynamic life cycle assessment for water treatment implications. Science of the Total Environment, 860, 160224.
Sohrabi, R., Pouri, K., Sabk Ara, M., Davoodi, S. M., Afzoon, E., & Pourghader Chobar, A. (2021). Applying sustainable development to economic challenges of small and medium enterprises after implementation of targeted subsidies in Iran. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2021.
Song, W., Liu, Y., Arowolo, A., Zhang, Y., & Xu, Q. (2019). Optimal water allocation scheme in integrated water-ecosystem-economy system. River Basin Management, 333–360.
Tian, J., Guo, S., Liu, D., Pan, Z., & Hong, X. (2019). A fair approach for multi-objective water resources allocation. Water Resources Management, 6, 1–21.
Tian, Y., Li, C., Yi, Y., Wang, X., & Shu, A. (2020). Dynamic model of a sustainable water resources utilization system with coupled water quality and quantity in Tianjin city. Sustainability, 12(10), 4254.
Touti, E., & Chobar, A. P. (2020). Utilization of AHP and MCDM Integrated methods in Urban Project Management (A Case Study for Eslamshahr-Tehran). International journal of industrial engineering and operational research, 2(1), 16-27.
Xu, Z. (2023). Water-climate change extended nexus contribution to social welfare and environment-related sustainable development goals in China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 1-16.
Xu, Z., Yao, L., & Chen, X. (2020). Urban water supply system optimization and planning: Bi-objective optimization and system dynamics methods. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 142, 106373.
Yu, Y., Zhao, R., Zhang, J., Yang, D., & Zhou, T. (2021). Multi-objective game theory optimization for balancing economic, social and ecological benefits in the Three Gorges Reservoir operation. Environmental Research Letters, 16(8), 085007.
Zandbiglari, K., Ameri, F., & Javadi, M. (2021, August). Capability Language Processing (CLP): Classification and Ranking of Manufacturing Suppliers Based on Unstructured Capability Data. In International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (Vol. 85376, p. V002T02A065). American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Zandbiglari, K., Ameri, F., & Javadi, M. (2023). A Text Analytics Framework for Supplier Capability Scoring Supported by Normalized Google Distance and Semantic Similarity Measurement Methods. Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering, 23(5), 051011.